What is Aquaculture?
Aquaculture is the farming of aquatic organisms, including fish, molluscs, crustaceans, and aquatic plants.
It can include either saltwater or freshwater species. Saltwater aquaculture is often practiced using underwater cages or net pens located in the ocean. Freshwater aquaculture can also be performed in this manner using lakes and rivers. However, it is more often practiced using specially created ponds or tanks that are created on land. This form of inland aquaculture represents about 60% of all aquaculture and is the fastest growing sector of the industry.
Aquaculture is often cited as the only sustainable means of increasing the seafood supply to meet the food needs of the world’s growing population. While aquaculture does take pressure off depleted wild fish stocks, it is not inherently eco-friendly. Aquaculture can have a devastating affect on local ecosystems if not practiced in a controlled, environmentally-sustainable manner.